Within the UN Climate Change process, countries have confirmed the importance of enhancing technology development and transfer to developing countries.
To facilitate this, in 2010, the Conference of the Parties established the Technology Mechanism.
The Technology Mechanism consists of two bodies: the Technology Executive Committee, which is the Technology Mechanism's policy body, and the Climate Technology Centre and Network, which is the implementation body of the Technology Mechanism
To address carriers hindering the development and transfer of climate technologies to become a catalytic force in creating an enabling environment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate vulnerability, improve local innovation capacities, and increase investment in climate technology projects
The CTCN facilitates the transfer of technologies through three core services:
This section details the "Technical Assistance" mentioned in (i) of the Scope of Services.
Academic institutions, public organizations, non-governmental organizations, and private entities
|Adaptation||Agriculture and Forestry, Coastal Zones, Early Warning and Environmental Assessment, Human Health, Infrastructure and Urban Planning, Marine and Fisheries, Water|
|Mitigation||Agriculture, Carbon Fixation and Abatement, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Industry, Renewable Energy, Transport, Waste Management|
|Cross-sectoral enablers||Capacity Building and Training, Communication and Awareness, Economics and Financial, Governance and Planning|
|Cross-cutting approaches||Community-based, Disaster Risk Reduction, Ecosystems and Biodiversity, Gender|
The CTCN delivers five main types of technical support on climate technologies:
|②||National Designated Entity (NDE)||
|③||Climate Technology Center (CTC)||
The prioritization criteria for responding to requests from developing country Parties are as follows.
The support provided will contribute to increased resilience and/or mitigate emissions, and is aligned with national plans.
This principle ensures that:
The support will enhance endogenous capacities.
This principle ensures that the (human, institutional, technological) capacity enhanced with the support of the CTCN is originating, developing, or proceeding from within the requesting country considering its national circumstances.
Processes are in place in the requesting country to monitor and evaluate any support provided (that is, project accountability is ensured).
This principle guarantees that project accountability is ensured by the country through effective monitoring of project implementation and impacts (environmental, social, and economic). Monitoring and evaluation processes should ensure that the transfer of technology is successful in the country beyond sole response delivery.
With the aim of achieving a balanced and equitable portfolio, the CTC Director shall ensure that requests are prioritized that bring about:
|1.||Inter and intra-regional equity with a preference for requests submitted by Least developed countries (LDCs) and other highly vulnerable and low capacity countries|
|2.||Balanced technological-related activities covering both adaptation and mitigation|
|3.||Balanced technological-related activities spanning the technology cycle|
|Prioritization criteria (project specific and in no specific order)
To determine which requests to support, the CTC Director shall prioritize projects that:
|1.||Promote endogenous and the most appropriate technologies and processes|
|2.||Demonstrate "project readiness" and the potential for replication or scaling up nationally, regionally, and internationally|
|3.||Promote collaboration between stakeholders including between countries, and having elements of South-South, bilateral, or multilateral cooperation|
|4.||Promote multi-country approaches and the regional bundling of requests|
|5.||Leverage public and/or private financing|
|6.||Promote and demonstrate multiple benefits as well as social, economic, and environmental sustainability|
|7.||Promote and demonstrate gender equality and the empowerment of vulnerable groups including women and the youth|